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High Vacuum Pumps

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High vacuum pumps are used to remove gas molecules from a chamber. A vacuum pump lowers the pressure inside and creates a vacuum. High vacuum pumps are used when an extremely low final absolute pressure is needed. At atmospheric pressure, these pumps may constantly operate when linked to closed containers that need to be emptied, although they may only operate continuously for a short time. These pumps’ exhaust is not filtered. Hence fume cleaners with a specific design are available. The lubricated rotary vane and high vacuum pumps operate on the same principles. Read More…

High Vacuum Pumps A vacuum pump is simply a product that is used to remove gas molecules from and reduce the pressure within a chamber, creating a vacuum.
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Leading Manufacturers

Michigan City, IN  |  888-925-5444

As an industry leader with over 50 years of experience providing the best vacuum pump solution for customers, DEKKER is an ISO 9001:2015 certified company that delivers superior products & service. Our custom engineered systems meet even the most demanding applications, from aeronautical to waste water & everything in between. Call DEKKER today with any questions or check out our helpful website!

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DEKKER Vacuum Technologies, Inc. $$$

Pittsburgh  |  412-261-7630

Vacuum Research Corporation is a leading manufacturer of high-quality rotary vane vacuum pumps, high vacuum valves and high vacuum gauges. Vacuum Research Corporation provides quality products to meet and exceed all of your needs.

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Vacuum Research Corporation $$$

Nashua, NH  |  800-248-8254

Today’s superior cutting edge vacuum pump products, offering reliability and high performance. Pfeiffer Vacuum is an intentional manufacturer and leading innovator of the Turbopump for high to ultra-high vacuum range. Plus, Rotary Vane Pumps, Dry Pumps, Roots pumps, Screw Pumps, Leak Detectors and more. Contact us for the best products and support available.

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Pfeiffer Vacuum, Inc. $$$

Fremont, CA  |  650-969-8811

Since 1976, Duniway Stockroom Corporation has offered new and used vacuum equipment. We provide hardware, valves, ion pumps, diffusion pumps, mechanical pumps, turbo pumps, vacuums sensors, gauge controls, supplies and more. We offer rebuilding services and superior customer service. For more information, check our website today!

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Duniway Stockroom Corp. $$$

New Bedford, MA  |  508-995-9711

Edson offers innovative vacuum pump systems for the collection and transfer of liquids and liquids with suspended solids for marine, industrial, municipal and wastewater applications. Our products include diaphragm vacuum pumps, industrial vacuum pumps, heavy-duty vacuum pumps and much more.

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Edson International, Pump Division $$$
placeholder image DEKKER Vacuum Technologies, Inc. Vacuum Research Corporation Pfeiffer Vacuum, Inc. Duniway Stockroom Corp. Edson International, Pump Division

In this instance, the stator is submerged in lubrication oil, which also serves as a sealant for air loss. These pumps are capable of greater pressures than any other rotary vane pump. A gas ballast system is included with these pumps to prevent the condensation of water vapor. High vacuum pumps can be constructed of two rotor-stator groups connected in series, with the first group drain connected to the second group’s intake system. They can be made of a single rotor-stator group (single stage) or two rotor-stator groups (dual stage).

High Vacuum Pump

How a High Vacuum Pump Works

The primary purpose of a vacuum pump is to modify the pressure inside a constrained area to physically or chemically produce a full or partial vacuum. Gas molecules will always move from high pressure to low pressure to fill the full area of that volume, attempting to equalize pressure across connected regions.

As a result, gas will naturally flow from a high-pressure area to the new area of low pressure until they are at equal pressure if a new low-pressure space is added. Remember that pushing molecules rather than "sucking" gases creates a vacuum. By switching between high and low-pressure states, vacuum pumps transport gas molecules from one area to another to create a vacuum.

Types of High Vacuum Pumps

Many different pump designs have been developed to produce high or ultra-high vacuums. One of these two operating principles, gas transfer or gas capture, is used by each type.

Molecular Drag Pumps and Turbo/Drag Pumps

These are hybrid vacuum pumps with similar design elements to both operating principles. These pumps combine the benefits of both types of pumps, notably the lower ultimate pressure of the turbo pump and the capacity for higher backing pressure of the drag pump. They do this by combining blades and ridged drums.

Turbomolecular Pumps

Molecular drag pumps use a rotor drum with a ridged surface and a cylindrical stator in place of a stator and rotor blades to provide gas molecules with a preferential motion and produce molecular flow through the pump. The name molecular "drag" pump refers to how gas molecules are physically dragged along the surface by this mechanism. These pumps can reach only 10-6 Torr as their maximum operating pressure. Therefore, these pumps are utilized for frequent cycle operations and applications with low conductance (pressure drop or resistance through the system).

Turbomolecular Vacuum Pump

Gas-Capture Pumps

Vacuum pumps that function on the gas-capture or gas-binding principle produce vacuums by physically engulfing gas molecules and retaining them in a frozen form. Compared to gas-transfer pumps, these pumps normally have fewer moving components, but they need to be periodically regenerated since they eventually become saturated with the material they are collecting.

Gas-Jet (Diffusion) Pumps

Gas-jet pumps, also known as diffusion pumps, use high-speed jets of diffusion vapor to sweep gas molecules out of the system and impart momentum. They are among the high vacuum pumps that are most frequently utilized. The extended service lives, lack of moving parts, and high reliability of diffusion pumps make them ideal.

Lighter gases like helium and hydrogen can be pumped at the fastest possible rate, thanks to them. Oil back streaming in oil diffusion pumps and process contamination are potential issues that can be mitigated by installing baffles and traps. Under the right circumstances, these pumps may achieve maximum vacuums of 10 Torr.

Oil Diffusion Vacuum Pump

Compatibility of Materials

To avoid wear or corrosion and to guarantee a safe and hygienic operation, high vacuum pumps, as well as the lubricants and building materials used in their manufacture, must be compatible with the fluids they move or catch. In addition, since most pumps may pump various gases at various rates, the type, and consistency of gas being handled also affect the pump's performance. For instance, a cryopump will pump water vapor far more quickly than a turbomolecular pump of comparable size, but both pumps may pump nitrogen at the same speed.

Applications of High Vacuum Pumps

  • They are used in laboratories for various research operations such as photolithography, electron microscopy, etc.
  • They are used in vacuum coating glass, metals, and plastics. In addition, they are used for hard coating engine components on race cars.
  • They are also used to assist with the mechanical drives in hybrid and diesel engines. In addition, they provide a power supply to the camshafts.
  • They are used in the gas bottle filling and emptying application used in CRT, electric light, and bulbs for filling the bulb chambers with inert gases.
  • They are also used in hydraulic brakes, cruise control systems, dampeners in the ventilation systems, and door lock mechanisms.
  • They are employed in numerous processes, including freeze-drying, degassing, gel-drying, and others.
  • Additionally, they are employed to support the mechanical drives in diesel and hybrid engines. Additionally, they supply camshafts with power.
  • They can be applied to identify leaks.

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